American Oil Palm

Elaeis oleifera

American Oil Palm

Elaeis oleifera, native to tropical Latin America, spans from Mexico to Peru, found near coasts and grasslands. Indigenous migrations likely shaped its distribution. This American oil palm is valued for oil quality, slow growth, short-spined bunches, and disease resistance. Female inflorescence’s persistent spathe and erratic anthesis period distinguish it. Bunches weigh 8–30 kg, holding numerous small fruits, often with parthenocarpic ones. After 15 years, the palm’s habit changes, with an erect crown and procumbent trunk.

Wide Climate Range
Thrives in lowland, moist tropics and can tolerate temperatures between 14°C to 34°C, allowing it to flourish in diverse climates.
Adaptable Growth
Shows versatility in soil types, preferring well-drained, humus-rich soil while being tolerant of different pH levels (5 to 7.3).
Early Fruit Production
Capable of bearing fruit just 3 years after germination, demonstrating a relatively quick and rewarding growth cycle.

Specifications

Kingdom
Plantae
Order
Arecales
Family
Arecaceae
Genus
Elaeis
Species
E. oleifera
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